What is New in the .NET Framework 4

What's New in the .NET Framework 4

This topic contains information about key features and improvements in the .NET Framework version 4. This topic does not provide comprehensive information about all new features and is subject to change.

The .NET Framework 4 introduces an improved security model. For more information, see Security Changes in the .NET Framework 4.

Other new features and improvements in the .NET Framework 4 are described in the following sections:

See New Types and Members in the .NET Framework 4 for lists of new namespaces, new types, and new members added to existing types.

Application Compatibility and Deployment

The .NET Framework 4 is highly compatible with applications that are built with earlier .NET Framework versions, except for some changes that were made to improve security, standards compliance, correctness, reliability, and performance.

The .NET Framework 4 does not automatically use its version of the common language runtime to run applications that are built with earlier versions of the .NET Framework. To run older applications with .NET Framework 4, you must compile your application with the target .NET Framework version specified in the properties for your project in Visual Studio, or you can specify the supported runtime with the Element in an application configuration file.

If your application or component does not work after .NET Framework 4 is installed, please submit a bug on the Microsoft Connect Web site. You can test compatibility as described in the .NET Framework 4 Application Compatibility topic and learn about new features by using the Visual Studio 2010 and .NET Framework 4 Walkthroughs.

For guidance about migrating to the .NET Framework 4, see Migration Guide to the .NET Framework 4 and Version Compatibility in the .NET Framework

The following sections describe deployment improvements.

Client Profile

The .NET Framework 4 Client Profile supports more platforms than in previous versions and provides a fast deployment experience for your applications. Several new project templates now target the Client Profile by default. For more information, see .NET Framework Client Profile.

In-Process Side-by-Side Execution

This feature enables an application to load and start multiple versions of the .NET Framework in the same process. For example, you can run applications that load add-ins (or components) that are based on the .NET Framework 2.0 SP1 and add-ins that are based on the .NET Framework 4 in the same process. Older components continue to use the older .NET Framework version, and new components use the new .NET Framework version. For more information, see In-Process Side-by-Side Execution.

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Core New Features and Improvements

The following sections describe new features and improvements provided by the common language runtime and the base class libraries.

Diagnostics and Performance

Earlier versions of the .NET Framework provided no way to determine whether a particular application domain was affecting other application domains, because the operating system APIs and tools, such as the Windows Task Manager, were precise only to the process level. Starting with the .NET Framework 4, you can get processor usage and memory usage estimates per application domain.

You can monitor CPU and memory usage of individual application domains. Application domain resource monitoring is available through the managed and native hosting APIs and event tracing for Windows (ETW). When this feature has been enabled, it collects statistics on all application domains in the process for the life of the process. See the new AppDomain.MonitoringIsEnabled property.

You can now access the ETW events for diagnostic purposes to improve performance. For more information, see CLR ETW Events and Controlling .NET Framework Logging. Also see Performance Counters and In-Process Side-By-Side Applications.

The System.Runtime.ExceptionServices.HandleProcessCorruptedStateExceptionsAttribute attribute enables managed code to handle exceptions that indicate corrupted process state.


The .NET Framework 4 provides new neutral and specific cultures, updated property values, improvements in string handling, and other improvements. For more information, see What's New in Globalization and Localization.

Garbage Collection

The .NET Framework 4 provides background garbage collection. This feature replaces concurrent garbage collection in previous versions and provides better performance. For more information, see Fundamentals of Garbage Collection.

Code Contracts

Code contracts let you specify contractual information that is not represented by a method's or type's signature alone. The newSystem.Diagnostics.Contracts namespace contains classes that provide a language-neutral way to express coding assumptions in the form of preconditions, postconditions, and object invariants. The contracts improve testing with run-time checking, enable static contract verification, and support documentation generation. For more information, see Code Contracts.

Design-Time-Only Interop Assemblies

You no longer have to ship primary interop assemblies (PIAs) to deploy applications that interoperate with COM objects. In the .NET Framework 4, compilers can embed type information from interop assemblies, selecting only the types that an application (for example, an add-in) actually uses. Type safety is ensured by the common language runtime. See Using COM Types in Managed Code and Walkthrough: Embedding Type Information from Microsoft Office Assemblies (C# and Visual Basic).

Dynamic Language Runtime

The dynamic language runtime (DLR) is a new runtime environment that adds a set of services for dynamic languages to the CLR. The DLR makes it easier to develop dynamic languages to run on the .NET Framework and to add dynamic features to statically typed languages. To support the DLR, the newSystem.Dynamic namespace is added to the .NET Framework.

The expression trees are extended with new types that represent control flow, for example, System.Linq.Expressions.LoopExpression andSystem.Linq.Expressions.TryExpression. These new types are used by the dynamic language runtime (DLR) and not used by LINQ.

In addition, several new classes that support the .NET Framework infrastructure are added to the System.Runtime.CompilerServices namespace. For more information, see Dynamic Language Runtime Overview.

Covariance and Contravariance

Several generic interfaces and delegates now support covariance and contravariance. For more information, see Covariance and Contravariance in Generics.

BigInteger and Complex Numbers

The new System.Numerics.BigInteger structure is an arbitrary-precision integer data type that supports all the standard integer operations, including bit manipulation. It can be used from any .NET Framework language. In addition, some of the new .NET Framework languages (such as F# and IronPython) have built-in support for this structure.

The new System.Numerics.Complex structure represents a complex number that supports arithmetic and trigonometric operations with complex numbers.


The .NET Framework 4 provides the System.Tuple class for creating tuple objects that contain structured data. It also provides generic tuple classes to support tuples that have from one to eight components (that is, singletons through octuples). To support tuple objects that have nine or more components, there is a generic tuple class with seven type parameters and an eighth parameter of any tuple type.

File System Enumeration Improvements

New file enumeration methods improve the performance of applications that access large file directories or that iterate through the lines in large files. For more information, see How to: Enumerate Directories and Files.

Memory-Mapped Files

The .NET Framework now supports memory-mapped files. You can use memory-mapped files to edit very large files and to create shared memory for interprocess communication.

64-Bit Operating Systems and Processes

You can identify 64-bit operating systems and processes with the Environment.Is64BitOperatingSystem and Environment.Is64BitProcess properties.

You can specify a 32-bit or 64-bit view of the registry with the Microsoft.Win32.RegistryView enumeration when you open base keys.

Other New Features

The following list describes additional new capabilities, improvements, and conveniences. Several of these are based on customer suggestions.

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Managed Extensibility Framework

The Managed Extensibility Framework (MEF) is a new library in the .NET Framework 4 that helps you build extensible and composable applications. MEF enables you to specify points where an application can be extended, to expose services to offer to other extensible applications and to create parts for consumption by extensible applications. It also enables easy discoverability of available parts based on metadata, without the need to load the assemblies for the parts. For more information, see Managed Extensibility Framework Overview and Managed Extensibility Framework. For a list of the MEF types, see the System.ComponentModel.Composition namespace.

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Parallel Computing

The .NET Framework 4 introduces a new programming model for writing multithreaded and asynchronous code that greatly simplifies the work of application and library developers. The new model enables developers to write efficient, fine-grained, and scalable parallel code in a natural idiom without having to work directly with threads or the thread pool. The new System.Threading.Tasks namespace and other related types support this new model. Parallel LINQ (PLINQ), which is a parallel implementation of LINQ to Objects, enables similar functionality through declarative syntax. For more information, see Parallel Programming in the .NET Framework.

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Networking improvements include the following:

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ASP.NET version 4 introduces new features in the following areas:

  • Core services, including a new API that lets you extend caching, support for compression for session-state data, and a new application preload manager (autostart feature).

  • Web Forms, including more integrated support for ASP.NET routing, enhanced support for Web standards, updated browser support, new features for data controls, and new features for view state management.

  • Web Forms controls, including a new Chart control.

  • MVC, including new helper methods for views, support for partitioned MVC applications, and asynchronous controllers.

  • Dynamic Data, including support for existing Web applications, support for many-to-many relationships and inheritance, new field templates and attributes, and enhanced data filtering.

  • Microsoft Ajax, including additional support for client-based Ajax applications in the Microsoft Ajax Library.

  • Visual Web Developer, including improved IntelliSense for JScript, new auto-complete snippets for HTML and ASP.NET markup, and enhanced CSS compatibility.

  • Deployment, including new tools for automating typical deployment tasks.

  • Multi-targeting, including better filtering for features that are not available in the target version of the .NET Framework.

For more information about these features, see What's New in ASP.NET 4 and Visual Web Developer.

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Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) version 4 contains changes and improvements in the following areas:

  • New controls, including Calendar, DataGrid, and DatePicker.

  • VisualStateManager supports changing states of controls.

  • Touch and Manipulation enables you to create applications that receive input from multiple touches simultaneously on Windows 7.

  • Graphics and animation supports layout rounding, Pixel Shader version 3.0, cached composition, and easing functions.

  • Text has improved text rendering and supports customizing the caret color and selection color in text boxes.

  • Binding is supported on the Command property of an InputBinding, dynamic objects, and the Text property.

  • XAML browser applications (XBAPs) support communication with the Web page and support full-trust deployment.

  • New types in the System.Windows.Shell namespace enable you to communicate with the Windows 7 taskbar and pass data to the Windows shell.

  • The WPF and Silverlight Designer in Visual Studio 2010 has various designer improvements to help create WPF or Silverlight applications.

For more information, see What's New in WPF Version 4.

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ADO.NET provides new features for the Entity Framework, including persistence-ignorant objects, functions in LINQ queries, and customized object layer code generation. For more information, see What's New in ADO.NET.

Dynamic Data

For ASP.NET 4, Dynamic Data has been enhanced to give you even more power for quickly building data-driven Web sites. This includes the following:

  • Automatic validation that is based on constraints that are defined in the data model.

  • The ability to easily change the markup that is generated for fields in the GridView and DetailsView controls by using field templates that are part of a Dynamic Data project.

For more information, see What's New in ASP.NET 4 and Visual Web Developer.

WCF Data Services

ADO.NET Data Service has been renamed to WCF Data Services, and has the following new features

  • Data binding.

  • Counting entities in an entity set.

  • Server-driven paging.

  • Query projections.

  • Custom data service providers.

  • Streaming of binary resources.

For more information, see What's New in WCF Data Services.

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Windows Communication Foundation

Windows Communication Foundation (WCF) provides the following improvements:

  • Configuration-based activation: Removes the requirement for having an .svc file.

  • System.Web.Routing integration: Gives you more control over your service's URL by allowing the use of extensionless URLs.

  • Multiple IIS site bindings support: Allows you to have multiple base addresses with the same protocol on the same Web site.

  • Routing Service: Allows you to route messages based on content.

  • Support for WS-Discovery: Allows you to create and search for discoverable services.

  • Standard endpoints: Predefined endpoints that allow you to specify only certain properties.

  • Workflow services: Integrates WCF and WF by providing activities to send and receive messages, the ability to correlate messages based on content, and a workflow service host.

  • WCF REST features:

    • Web HTTP caching: Allows caching of Web HTTP service responses.

    • Web HTTP formats support: Allows you to dynamically determine the best format for a service operation to respond in.

    • Web HTTP services help page: Provides an automatic help page for Web HTTP services, similar to the WCF service help page.

    • Web HTTP error handling: Allows Web HTTP Services to return error information in the same format as the operation.

    • Web HTTP cross-domain JavaScript support: Allows use of JSON Padding (JSONP).

  • Simplified configuration: Reduces the amount of configuration a service requires

For more information, see What's New in Windows Communication Foundation.

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Windows Workflow Foundation

Windows Workflow Foundation (WF) provides improvements in the following areas:

  • Improved workflow activity model: The Activity class provides the base abstraction of workflow behavior.

  • Rich composite activity options: Workflows benefit from new flow-control activities that model traditional flow-control structures, such as Flowchart,TryCatch, and Switch(Of T).

  • Expanded built-in activity library: New features of the activity library include new flow-control activities, activities for manipulating member data, and activities for controlling transactions.

  • Explicit activity data model: New options for storing or moving data include variable and directional arguments.

  • Enhanced hosting, persistence, and tracking options: Hosting enhancements include more options for running workflows, explicit persistence using thePersistactivity, persisting without unloading, preventing persistence by using no-persist zones, using ambient transactions from the host, recording tracking information to the event log, and resuming pending workflows by using a Bookmark object.

  • Easier ability to extend the WF Designer: The new WF Designer is built on Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) and provides an easier model to use when rehosting the WF Designer outside of Visual Studio.

For more information, see What's New in Windows Workflow Foundation.

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What is My IP Address?

Lookup IP Address Location (Trace IP/Track IP)

This IP lookup tool is designed to provide additional information about the entered IP address.

These details include the hostname, Geographic location information (includes country, region/state, city, latitude, longitude and telephone area code.), and a location specific map.

The geographic details are pulled from a commercially available geolocation database. Geolocation technology can never be 100% accurate in providing the location of an IP address. When the IP address is a proxy server and it does not expose the user's IP address it is virtually impossible to locate the user. The country accuracy is estimated at about 99%. For IP addresses in the United States, it is 90% accurate on the state level, and 81% accurate within a 25 mile radius. Our world-wide users indicate 60% accurate within 25 miles.

By default this tool will lookup the IP address that you are using. You can enter any IP address in its place below.

This information should not be used for emergency purposes, trying to find someone's exact physical address, or other purposes that would require 100% accuracy.

Please enter the IP address you want to lookup below:

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For more information:

Sarkari Naukri



Indian Navy SSC Officer vacancy

Indian Navy
Applications are invited from
Application are invited from unmarried Men and Women candidates for SSC in Air Traffic Control Cadre of Executive Branch.
Name Of Post
Short Service Commissioned (SSC) Officers

    Age : Between 19.5 to 25 years (candidates to be born between 02 January 1986 to 01 July 1991 both dates inclusive)

    Qualifications : Science Graduate with minimum 60% marks in Physics, Mathematics or Electronics OR Post Graduate in Science with minimum 55% marks in Physics, Mathematics or Electronics.

    Pay Scale : PB-3 Rs.15600-39100 Grade Pay Rs.5400 + MSP Rs.6000

    Physical Standards :
    Height and Weight : Minimum height Male - 157 cms, Female - 152 cms with correlated weight.
    Eye Sight - The minimum acceptable standard for distant vision 6/6, 6/9 correctable to 6/6, 6/6 with glasses and should not be colour/night blind.

    How to Apply:
    Application Forms, in accordance with the prescribed format on plain A4 size paper, and complete in all respects with superscription on the envelope "Application for SSC (ATC) January 2011 Course Qualification ............. Percentage ........... %" is to be sent by 06th August, 2010 to the address

    Further Details:
    For further details, kindly visit at

    Last Date : 06 August 2010

    Class-IV vacancy in Chandigarh Police

    Chandigarh Police
    Applications are invited from
    Applications are invited in prescribed format for the Class-IV posts in in India Reserve Battalion :
    Name Of Post
    Water Carrier : 11 posts
    Pay Scale : Rs.4900-10680 grade pay Rs.1300

    Sweeper : 15 posts
    Pay Scale : Rs. 4900-10680 grade pay Rs.1300

    Cook : 24 posts
    Pay Scale : Rs. 4900-10680 grade pay Rs.1300

    Dhobi : 08 posts
    Pay Scale : Rs.4900-10680 grade pay Rs. 1300

    Barber : 07 posts
    Pay Scale : Rs.4900-10680 grade pay Rs.1300

      Qualification : Middle Standard from a recognized board / Institution.
      Age : 18 to 25 years

      How to Apply :
      Applications in prescribed proforma should reach theSenior Superintendent of Police, Headquarters, Addl. Deluxe Building, Police Headquarters (UT), Sector-9, Chandigarh.

      Further Details:
      Please visit website for more information and application form.

      Last Date : 19 August 2010

      National Collateral Management Services Ltd. (NCMSL) Manager vacancy

      National Collateral Management Services Ltd. (NCMSL)
      Applications are invited from
      NCMSL invites application for the following posts :
      Name Of Post
      Warehouse Managers
      Nos of posts : 50 posts

        Age : 30 years
        Qualification : Graduate in any discipline.

        Stipend : Rs.10000/- consolidated during the training.

        Mode of Selection: Selection by a written test on 08/08/2010.

        How to Apply :
        Interested candidates should send the Application (by post/courier) in the prescribed format along with Demand Draft of Rs. 500/- in favour of “NCMSL” payable atMumbai, to NCMSL, Gayatri Towers, 954, Appasaheb Marathe Marg, Prabhadevi, Mumbai – 400 025.

        Further Details:
        Please view
        Bulletin%20NCBE.pdf for details and applicatio format.

        Last Date:
        25 July 2010

        Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) Bhilai Nursing Sister (Trainee) vacancy

        Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
        Applications are invited from
        SAIL, as a part of its continuous commitment and effort to improve the quality of life of its employees needs Jr. Nursing Sister(Trainee):
        Name Of Post
        Jr. Nursing Sister (Trainee) : 12 posts

          Qualification : B.Sc.(Nursing) or 'A' grade Diploma in General Nursing & Midwifery

          Age : 18-30 years

          Pay Scale : Rs. 9160-3%-13150/- (S-3)

          Application Fee :
          An Account Payee Demand Draft of Rs.250/- drawn on any Nationalized Bank, in favour of Steel Authority of India Ltd., Bhilai payable at Bhilai. SC/ST/PH candidates are exempted.

          How to Apply :
          The envelope containing one application and complete in all respectsmust be sent by post only, to:
          Post Box No. 16, Post Office Sector-1, Bhilai, Distt- Durg, CG Pin - 490001

          Further Details:
          Please view for details and application format.

          Last Date : 24 July 2010

          Center for Development of Advance Computing (CDAC) Engineers vacancy

          Center for Development of Advance Computing (CDAC)
          Applications are invited from
          CDAC Noida is looking for energetic, bright, dynamic and result oriented candidates for the following posts :
          Name Of Post
          Contract Engineer (CE)/ Reserch Fellow (RF)
          Nos of posts : 15 in Health Informatics/ e-Governance/ Software Testing
          Pay : Rs. 16000-24000

          Reserch Fellow (RF)
          Nos of posts : 06 in Natural Language Processing
          Pay :Rs.25000

          Management Faculty (MF)
          Nos of posts : 04 in School of Management
          Pay :Rs.30000
            How to Apply: Apply online upto 19/07/2010 at CDAC Noida website.
            Further Details:
            please visit at
            Last Date : 19 July 2010

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